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Karate Terminology

August 13th, 2008 | Posted by Andie in Thinking Hard

Numbers

  • ichi – one
    ni – two
    san – three
    shi – four
    go – five
    roku – six
    shichi – seven
    hachi – eight
    ku – nine
    ju – ten

Commands

  • yoi – ready
    kamaette – take stance
    naotte – return to ready stance
    yame – stop, finish
    yasume – relax, rest
    mawatte – turn
    mokuso – meditation
    mokuso yame- end of meditation
    hajime – begin
    kiai irite – to shout

Techniques

  • tsuki – punch
    uchi – strike
    oi tsuki – lunge punch
    gyaku tsuki – reverse punch
    uchikomi – driving punch
    uke – block
    barai – parry
    keage – high lift
    keri – kick
    dachi – stance
    oi geri – step and kick
    tobi – jumping or flying

Positions

  • soto – outside
    uchi – inside
    mawashi – roundhouse
    ushiro – back
    sayu – both sides
    yoko – side
    gyaku – reverse
    migi – right
    hidari – left
    hanmi – half-body
    yonju go do – 45 degree

Weapons

  • Hands:
  • seiken – forefist
    uraken – backhand
    shuto – knife hand
    nukite – spear hand
    koken – wrist
    shotei – palm heel
    tettsui – hammer fist
    kote – forearm
    hiji – elbow

  • Feet:
    chusoku – ball of foot
    haisoku – instep
    sokuto – knife edge
    hiza – knee
    kakato – heel
    teisoku – arch
    sune – shin

Stances

  • keri no kamae – kick stance
    yoi/fudo dachi – ready stance
    sanchin dachi -pigeontoe stance
    zenkutsu dachi – front leaning
    kokutsu dachi – back leaning
    kiba dachi – horse stance
    musubi dachi – heel together
    heisoku dachi – feet together
    shiko dachi – sumo stance
    kumite no kamae – fighting stance

Kata

  • Shoshinsha – beginner’s form
    Kihon – basic form
    Kumite – fighting form
    Nage – throwing form
    Jissen – real fight form

Punches

  • seiken chudan tsuki – forefist middle punch
    seiken jodan tsuki – forefist upper punch
    seiken ago uchi – forefist chin strike
    seiken shita tsuki – forefist upper punch
    uraken ganmen uchi – backhand face strike
    uraken sayu uchi – backhand side strike
    uraken hizo uchi – backhand liver strike
    uraken mawashi uchi – backhand round strike
    shuto ganmen uchi – knife hand strike to face
    shuto hizo uchi – knife hand strike to liver
    shuto sakotsu uchi – knife hand strike to collarbone
    shuto sakotsu uchikomi – driving knife hand strike to collarbone
    age tsuki – upper punch
    kagi tsuki – hook punch
    hiji uchi – elbow strike
    hiji age uchi – rising elbow strike
    hiji otoshi uchi – descending elbow strike
    jun tsuki – punch to side
    tettsui uchi – hammer fist strike

Blocks

  • jodan uke – upper block
    chudan soto uke – outside block
    chudan uchi uke – inside block
    gedan barai – lower parry
    mawashi uke – roundhouse block
    kake uke – hook (neck) block
    juji uke – cross block

    shuto uke – knife hand block
    shotei uke – palm-heel block
    enkei – circle block
    hikkake – leg-hook block
    hiji-hiza uke – elbow-knee block
    nagashi-uke – absorbing block
    oshi-age uke – pushing rising block

Kicks

  • mae keage – straight front high lift
    mae geri – front kick
    mawashi geri – roundhouse kick
    sankaku geri – triangle kick
    hiza geri – knee kick
    kin geri – groin kick
    yoko keage – side high lift
    yoko geri – side kick
    kansetsu geri – joint kick
    ushiro geri – back kick
    kakato geri – heel kick
    kake geri – hook kick
    ushiro mawashi kake geri – spinning back hook kick
    uchimomo geri – inside low kick
    jikuashi geri – sweep kick to supporting leg

Miscellaneous

  • mae mawari – turning forwards
    ushiro mawari – turning backwards
    makikomi nage – forward throw
    uranage – backwards throw
    todome – “finishing touch”
    kime – focus, finish off
    kerikomi – step-in & kick
    iremi – body moving in
    kyushu – skip away to absorb impact
    mikiri – judging distance
    nihon tsuki – double punch
    sanbon tsuki – triple punch
    seika tanden – body between groin & navel
    hiki taoshi – pull down
    dojo – training room
    dogi – training uniform
    obi – belt
    dogi naoshite – tidy your uniform
    misete kudasai – please show me

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